International standards of anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing are set by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). As a member of the FATF, Hong Kong implements recommendations promulgated by this inter-government body to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
In Hong Kong, legislation dealing with money laundering and terrorist financing includes: the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (Financial Institutions) Ordinance (AMLO), the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance (DTROP), the Organized and Serious Crimes Ordinance (OSCO) and the United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance (UNATMO).
The AMLO, which came into effect on 1 April 2012, imposes on financial institutions requirements regarding customer due diligence and record-keeping whereas the DTROP, OSCO and UNATMO require reporting of suspicious transactions regarding money laundering or terrorist financing.
The SFC’s Guideline on Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing provides practical guidance to assist licensed corporations and their senior management in designing and implementing their own anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing policies, procedures and controls so as to meet the AMLO and other relevant legal and regulatory requirements.